Basic human rights in Laos are protected under the country’s constitution and international human rights treaties that Laos has ratified. Some of the key human rights in Laos include:
1. Right to life and personal security: Every individual has the right to life, liberty, and security of person. The state is responsible for protecting its citizens from arbitrary deprivation of life and ensuring their safety.
2. Right to equality: All individuals are equal before the law and are entitled to equal protection and benefit of the law without discrimination based on race, ethnicity, gender, religion, or social status.
3. Freedom of expression: Every person has the right to freedom of thought, opinion, expression, and the press. However, there are limitations on this right, and the government controls media outlets.
4. Freedom of assembly and association: Individuals have the right to peaceful assembly and association, including the right to form and join trade unions, political parties, and other organizations.
5. Right to education: Every person has the right to education, and the state is responsible for providing free primary education and promoting higher education.
6. Right to health: The state is responsible for ensuring access to healthcare services and promoting public health.
7. Right to a fair trial: Every person has the right to a fair and public trial by an independent and impartial tribunal. Torture, cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment is prohibited.
8. Right to freedom of religion: Every person has the right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion. However, the government imposes restrictions on religious activities and requires religious groups to register with the state.
It is important to note that while these rights are enshrined in law, there have been reports of human rights violations in Laos, including restrictions on freedom of expression, limited political freedoms, and lack of accountability for human rights abuses.